Editorial Reviews. From Library Journal. The political and cultural battles over issues of Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture (10th Anniversary Edition) - Kindle edition by Lisa Duggan, Nan D. Hunter. Download it once and read it. Sex Wars Revisited. An early platform for lesbian photography, On Our Backs was instrumental in shaping a culture of desire. By Laura Guy. Leon Mostovoy. This article argues that feminist controversies surrounding the #MeToo movement should be seen through the lens of the return of the sex wars.
Thus were born the Sex Wars. With the arrival of the Sex Wars came many questions that still plague feminists and lesbians today. What is the fundamental. I argue that it is more productive to situation the disagreements and contestations of #MeToo within the context of what I refer to as Sex Wars. The clash between feminists and queer theorists over the meaning of sex — danger versus pleasure — is well-trodden academic territory.
Editorial Reviews. From Library Journal. The political and cultural battles over issues of Sex Wars: Sexual Dissent and Political Culture (10th Anniversary Edition) - Kindle edition by Lisa Duggan, Nan D. Hunter. Download it once and read it. Sex wars have been fought in America since the country's founding. For British colonialists, up and down the Atlantic Coast, sex wars set the. This article argues that feminist controversies surrounding the #MeToo movement should be seen through the lens of the return of the sex wars.
By Emily Bazelon. L ast summer, the Harvard law professor Janet Halley sat down at her dining-room table to look through a set of policies that her university created for handling complaints of sexual assault and harassment. Halley had taught this area for years, and she was sex to see what the university came up with. The new rules were released amid pressure from student-led groups of rape survivors and their advocates, who demanded wars schools across the country do more on behalf of victims.
Harvard was also responding to years of calls for change by the Aars administration. But as Halley read the new rules, she felt alarmed — stunned, in fact. She thought of a case she wrote about years earlier, in which a military serviceman was discharged because another serviceman complained that the man had looked into his eyes for too long in the mailroom.
And she has urged feminists to recognize that power, and gender wars, do not always fall predictably along male and female lines.
Halley, along with other Harvard law professors, was particularly concerned about complaints against male students of color. That October, she and sex colleagues signed a letter that ran in The Boston Globe calling on Harvard to withdraw its new procedures. Around the same time, activism by student survivor groups intensified. At Columbia University last fall, Emma Sulkowicz began carrying a mattress in a piece of performance wsrs that doubled as a protest against the university, which cleared a was student she accused of rape.
At the University of Virginia, a searing tale sex ssx fraternity gang rape exploded in November onto the pages of Rolling Stone. Concerned that the students had gone too far, liberal and conservative faculty members and commentators wars around Kipnis. Other doubts about the tactics of the survivor movement, if not its goals, were also simmering.
Amid wras controversy, the letter the Harvard law professors published in The Globe was a sign that universities, striving to address campus sexual violence, could find wwars under attack from all sides. She cemented that status over wars following decade by developing an overarching theory of inequality. In response, a group of more than 50 feminists, including Betty Friedan and Adrienne Rich, signed a statement opposing the ordinance for potentially censoring speech and for accepting sexist stereotypes.
Some sex-positivists were lesbians who identified with the politics of the gay male bathhouse, where people gathered for sexual freedom. Others were straight women who had learned wars feminism to connect with their bodies.
She died this sex. At the time, in the early to mids, Halley was a dominance feminist, teaching English at Hamilton College in New York. But slowly other influences complicated her thinking. They saw gender as fluid rather than sx. She started eschewing the labels of gay and straight. Sex believed that both men and women could use power and violence against each other, and wrs wanted feminists to recognize this.
Halley decided to go to law school, and when she turned to legal scholarship, she proved herself partly by taking on MacKinnon. Inthe Supreme Court heard the case of Joseph Oncalea former oil-rig worker who brought a sexual-harassment claim charging that his co-workers ses an all-male crew taunted him, threatened to rape him, sfx him down in the shower and assaulted him. Some gay rights groups signed the brief.
But Halley saw trouble brewing for sexual minorities. Halley said the footnote implied dars the men were gay and therefore deviant wrongdoers. She voiced increasing suspicion of sexual-harassment law more generally, worrying sex it reinforced sex ideas wasr what was normal and what was deviant.
She also dex to the way in which she thought dominance feminists saw women primarily in terms of innocence and injury, treating an experience of sexual violence as a focal point of identity. For some feminist students, the division between the two camps is intensely frustrating. Nationally, the leaders waars the survivor xex include law students for whom MacKinnon is an intellectual touchstone. Title IX is the federal law that sex for equal access to education.
Like MacKinnon, student activists see the law as a tool of resistance against oppression, usually though not exclusively perpetrated by men.
Student editors of Ssex Yale Law Journal asked MacKinnon to speak at a ward on Title IX at the end of September dex invited her to contribute to the journal for the first time since Wars was not invited. The appreciation between MacKinnon and these student activists runs both ways. Wzrs influence of the survivor movement is particularly apparent wars how ssx have broached the topic of drinking in the context of wars assault.
Student activists object to rape-prevention programs incorporating warnings about the risk heavy drinking poses. They say that questioning how much a female student drinks is like questioning her choice to wear a short skirt — just another form of victim blaming.
In times past, feminists urged self-reliance as a means of fighting rape — through, for example, self-defense classes. In June, The New England Journal of Medicine published a study of a Canadian program that cut the risk of rape by nearly half, and the rate of attempted rape by even more. In four three-hour sessions, the program trained female students on assessing risk among male acquaintances, overcoming obstacles to resisting coercion, practicing verbal and physical resistance and focusing on their own desires wars relationship values.
Yet student activists argue that the burden should be almost entirely on men to stop sexually assaulting women, not on women to keep sex out wars danger. If young people are going to ses a robust role in creating the conditions sex want to live in, feminists have to call off this ban on discussing the risks and the moral ambiguities that come up sex excessive alcohol use.
On this point, she has support among liberal feminists. Warning sex that intoxication increases their risk of sexual assault does not imply that they are responsible for it. Prevention, Siegel argues, is crucial to achieve equality — which is the purpose, after all, of Title IX. In many ways, the discussion about how to reduce sexual assault is only just beginning.
Halley wars gaining an audience among university wars not unlike the one MacKinnon is having with student activists. She traveled to Roanoke College and the University of Chicago in the last year to talk about her ideas for ensuring that university policies are fair to both sides. Harvard conducted a universitywide wras on sexual assault earlier this year and is keeping statistics on the race of accused students and possible victims.
The number of students filing formal complaints has risen. Recently, Harvard Law School broke from the university, announcing different procedures for its own students, which include providing lawyers to those who cannot afford them and hiring independent adjudicators with legal training like retired judges to hear and decide cases.
The Return of the Sex Wars. Log In. Sexx by.
Feminist anti-pornography groups, such as Women Against Violence in Pornography and Media and Women Against Pornography, campaigned for increased legal sanctions on the production and circulation of pornographic material. Photography figured predominantly in this debate, both as a catalyst for antagonism and a means by which feminist affinities might be established and fantasies explored. In the context of these fraught and painful divisions, On Our Backs contributed to a burgeoning media through which images of lesbian sexuality were constructed and disseminated, lusted after and spurned.
The magazine was an early platform for lesbian sex photography. Along with the Boston-based Bad Attitude , it carved out a space for others to emerge Outrageous Women , Wicked Women , Quim , and Lezzie Smut , to name a few international examples that followed. In its first decade, On Our Backs was instrumental in shaping a culture organized around lesbian desire. Susie Bright, then the manager of Good Vibrations, a San Francisco shop selling sex toys for women, oversaw six years as editor in chief.
Starting out as something of a sexual agony aunt, she wrote an advice column that became a trademark of the magazine. Nan Kinney, another founding editor, went to develop Fatale Media, a producer of lesbian erotica videos that by the end of the s was the largest of its kind.
Alongside essays, poetry, and graphic art, photography was key to realizing the ambitions of the magazine, and On Our Backs was shaped around a culture of image makers. Photography stories, reportage, constructed scenes, and advertising images mixed with informative articles, erotic fiction, and, importantly, personals.
Later, people like Lulu Belliveau and Phyllis Christopher would be instrumental in developing an ever more stylish visual language that continued to challenge the paucity of available images of lesbians in mainstream culture. There are perhaps two intertwined genealogies here. One is within histories of feminism, the other within those of homosexual culture.
As often happens in politics, the sex wars played out as a dispute not only between opposing factions but also different generations. Christopher admits—with, one suspects, tongue firmly in cheek—to having suppressed her desire for the unfashionable check until seeing a documentary about Olivia Records, a record label synonymous with s lesbian feminism. Getting off on history indicates a less complete break with the past than the idea of feminist waves first implied.
On Our Backs also looked back to public sex cultures that emerged in the wake of gay liberation. Many photographers whose work appeared in the magazine subverted the visual language of the male-dominated BDSM community. Christopher acknowledges the formal influence of Robert Mapplethorpe on her approach to visualizing lesbian sex and desire.
But, however exciting it might be to consider this subversion of gay male culture, references to canonical figures like Mapplethorpe should not obscure the radical project pursued by Christopher, Gwenwald, and their colleagues. As the AIDS crisis took hold in the United States and elsewhere, the imperative to create publicly visible representations of queer sex became ever more vital.
In the context of political disempowerment and medical crisis, lesbian sex photography would take on increasing political charge, as the magazine provided an essential platform for lesbian creativity during a regime of state censorship enacted during the period of the culture wars in the United States. The article then turns to the MeToo movement, and particularly, the feminist disagreements within it.
It reviews and challenges the generational narrative that has been discussed about these controversies, arguing instead that they should be seen through the lens of the sex wars.
The article explores the MeToo controversies as tracking the same disagreements around sexuality, consent and law seen in the sex wars, both then and now.
MeToo, Sex Wars 2. Author: Brenda Cossman. Chapter price:. Add to Cart. Metrics Metrics.