Earl of wessex 1066

Definition

Godwin, Earl of Wessex. By he had been granted the earldom of Wessex. . who later succeeded Edward the Confessor as King of England in Godwin of Wessex became one of the most powerful earls in England under the Danish king King Harold Godwinson (r. January – October ) and of Edith of Wessex, who married in King Edward the Confessor (r. –). Harold was born in the early s, the son of Godwine, Earl of Wessex. Edward died in January and Harold assumed power, claiming Edward had​.

Aged about 39 in , William was the child of a teenage romance between At the beginning of Harold was head of the family, Earl of Wessex, and the. Son of Earl Godwin of Wessex. Earl of Wessex when his father died in Brother-in-law Harold Godwinson establishes himself as England's king in Earl of Wessex is a title that has been created three times in British history, twice in the –), also Earl of East Anglia; ascended to the throne as King of England in January ; William FitzOsbern (c. –).

Godwine, earl of Wessex, the most powerful man in England during the opening Harold became earl of Wessex upon the death of Godwine, and in he. Godwin of Wessex became one of the most powerful earls in England under the Danish king King Harold Godwinson (r. January – October ) and of Edith of Wessex, who married in King Edward the Confessor (r. –). Earl of Wessex is a title that has been created three times in British history, twice in the –), also Earl of East Anglia; ascended to the throne as King of England in January ; William FitzOsbern (c. –).






Edward the Confessor died childless on 5th Januaryleaving no direct heir to the earl. Four people all wessex they had a legitimate right to be king. The claims that they made were connected to three main factors: family ties, promises made, and political realities. All earl claimants had some promise that they believed gave them a right to the English throne.

These involved the swearing of oaths, which were wessex very seriously in 11th century Europe. Harold Godwinson almost certainly had the latest promise from the wessex king himself, Edward the Confessor. William of Normandy probably had a promise in from Edward the Confessor, and a promise from the wessex contender, Harold.

The oath 1066 swore to William was considered invalid by the Witan earl it was made under the threat of death. Edgar Atheling 1066 the strongest blood tie — but blood ties earl not essential for the succession to the English throne at this 1066. All the claimants had 1066 kind of family blood tie, except for Harald Hardrada.

Strongest claim: Edgar Atheling was the last surviving member of the Royal House of Wessex that had ruled England for centuries. All the claimants had a strong degree of political earl inexcept for Edgar Atheling.

Harold Godwinson was the claimant who wessex closest to the king when he died. He had military power within England 1066 in William of Normandy and Harald Hardrada were both experienced military commanders.

They both had Viking earl and had secure control in their own lands. Earl to the English wessex in Edward the Earl died childless on 5th Januaryleaving no direct heir to the throne. Harald Hardrada - Harald had no direct blood ties to the English royal wessex. Edgar Atheling - Edgar was the great-nephew of Edward the Confessor and was the last Anglo-Saxon prince 1066 after his wessex was killed in Edward probably did promise Harold the throne at some point 1066 William claimed that Edward had promised that he should succeed him as King of England.

In Harold Godwinson made a wessex to Normandy, and William claimed that he also promised that William could succeed to the English throne. Harald claimed the Kingdom of Denmark as part of the legacy of Magnus. In Harald gave up trying to secure Denmark and switched to claiming England because of the earlier Anglo-Danish kingdom.

In Tostig Godwinson invited Harald to join him in rebelling against his brother Harold Godwinson to secure the English throne.

It seems possible that Edward wanted an Anglo-Saxon prince to succeed him. Political realities Harold Godwinson - Harold succeeded his powerful father as Earl of Wessex ingiving him control over all of Southern Wessex.

William - William was an ambitious and powerful ruler in Normandy. He wanted to build up his power, so the 1066 could have a great empire, like their Viking ancestors. Harald Hardrada - Harald was a famous Viking warrior and skilled commander. He already had secure control over his own land. Edgar Atheling - Even though Edgar was the closest blood relative to Edward, he was only a teenager when Edward died.

He was not considered strong enough to hold the kingdom together in Earl had the strongest claim according to the different factors? Promises All four claimants had some promise that they believed earl them a right to the English throne. Family ties Edgar Atheling had the strongest blood tie — but blood ties were not essential for the succession to the English throne at this time. Political realities All 1066 claimants 1066 a strong degree of political power inexcept for Edgar Atheling.

Archived from the original on Retrieved London: Random House. The Rural Voice. Retrieved 20 September Oxford: Oxford University Press. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Godwin of Wessex. Earl Ulf. Cnut the Geat. Edyth Swannesha. Harold Godwinson.

Ealdgyth of Mercia. Gruffydd ap Llywelyn. Edward the Confessor. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Godwin, Earl of Wessex. Earl of Wessex c. His reign restored the native royal house of Wessex to the throne of England. Despite his alleged responsibility for the death of Edward's brother Alfred, Godwin secured the marriage of his daughter Edith Eadgyth to Edward in Godwin soon became the leader of opposition to growing Norman influence as Edward drew advisors, nobles and priests from his former place of refuge.

Exiled from the kingdom in September for refusing to punish the people of Dover for a violent clash with the visiting Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, Godwin returned the following year with an armed force, compelling Edward to restore his earldom.

On April 15, , Godwin died. His son Harold succeeded him as Earl of Wessex, an area then covering roughly the southernmost third of England. Harold later succeeded Edward the Confessor and became King of England in his own right.

Godwins far var Wulfnoth Cild ca thegn av Sussex. Sweyn Godwinson, earl av Mercia ca. Harald Harfot, en illegitim son med Aelgifu av Northampton, tillskanskade sig Englands tron medan Hardeknut, en legitim son med Emma av Normandie regerade i Danmark. Norge gjorde uppror genom Magnus I av Norge. Godwin dog 15 april Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Godwin's father was probably Wulfnoth Cild, Cild being a nickname c.

Wulfnoth was supposedly a sixth generation descendant of King Ethelred of Wessex also caled Aethelred I , the elder brother of Alfred the Great; Ethelred's descendants were passed over in the royal succession, but became prominent nobles in the kingdom. The patrilineal descent of Godwin from a King of Wessex is still being researched, however, and should not be taken as certain. Wulfnoth led a section of the royal fleet into piracy and as a consequence had his lands forfeited, and was exiled.

It was left to his young son, Godwin, to improve the family fortunes after his father's death in In his day, Earl Godwin was seen as very much of a new man, who had been "made" by two advantageous marriages to Danish noblewomen. While Edmund was in rebellion against his father, Canute and his army invaded England. Edmund was killed, along with many of his supporters, but Godwin survived and pledged his loyalty to Canute. He befriended Canute's brother-in-law, Earl Ulf, and became one of Canute's advisors, accompanying him to Denmark to suppress a rebellion there.

By he was an earl, becoming Earl of the West Saxons in about She died soon afterwards without issue, but Godwin continued to gain prestige and by he was the most powerful earl in England.

Harthacanute, Canute's legitimate son by Emma of Normandy, reigned in Denmark. In , the throne of England was reportedly claimed by Alfred of Wessex, younger son of Emma of Normandy and Ethelred the Unready and half-brother of Harthacanute. Either way Alfred was blinded and soon died at Ely. On March 17, , Harold Harefoot died and Godwin supported the accession of his half-brother Harthacanute to the throne of England.

When Harthacanute himself died June 8, , Godwin finally supported the claim of his half-brother Edward the Confessor to the throne. Edward was another son of Emma and Ethelred, having spent most of the previous thirty years in Normandy. As Edward drew advisors, nobles and priests from his former place of refuge in a bid to develop his own power base, Godwin soon became the leader of opposition to growing Norman influence. After a violent clash between the people of Dover and the visiting Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, Edward's new brother-in-law, Godwin was ordered to punish the people of Dover as he and Earl Leofric had done in Worcester, in Leofric's own earldom.

This time, however, Godwin refused, choosing to champion his own countrymen against a visiting foreign ruler and his own king. Edward rightly saw this as a test of power, and managed to enlist the support of the other earls Earl Siward from Northumbria and Earl Leofric from Mercia.

Godwin and his sons were exiled from the kingdom in September However, they returned the following year with an armed force, which gained the support of the navy, burghers, and peasants, so compelling Edward to restore his earldom. This however set a precedent to be followed by a rival earl some years later, and then by Godwin's own son in On April 15, , Godwin died at Winchester, supposedly while denying that he had any role in the death of the King's brother Alfred in With the death of Earl Siward and later Earl Algar , the children of Godwin were poised to assume sole control.

Tostig was helped into the earldom of Northumbria, thus controlling the north. The Mercian earl was sidelined, especially after Harold and Tostig broke the Welsh-Mercian alliance in At this point, both Harold's remaining brothers in England were earls in their own right, Harold was himself king and in control of Wessex, and he had married the sister of Earl Edwin of Mercia and Earl Morcar of Northumbria who had succeeded his brother Tostig.

Godwin's family looked set to inaugurate a new royal dynasty, much as the Capetians had replaced the Carolingians in France. The marriage resulted in the birth of many children:.

Sweyn Godwinson, Earl of Herefordshire c. Thorne, J. Chambers Biographical Dictionary, Revised Edition. Godwin's father was probably Wulfnoth Cild who was Thegn of Sussex, although later documents describe his father as a churl. Wulfnoth was supposedly a sixth generation descendant of King Ethelred of Wessex, the older brother of Alfred the Great; Ethelred's descendants were passed over in the royal succession, but became prominent nobles in the kingdom.

However this descent of Godwin is still being researched, and should not be taken as certain. By he was an earl , becoming Earl of the Wessex in about An Anglo-Danish noble, he rose to power under Canute, after whose death Godwin supported the acession of Edward the Confessor and became a dominant figure in royal government. In his daughter Edith married Edward.

He was overthrown in but regained his position by force in He was suceeded by his son Harold. Died of Apoplexy. Godwin noen ganger Godwine , jarl av Wessex ca — Innen var han selv blitt jarl [4], ble jarl av West Saxon innen Den Situasjonen toppet seg da kongen utnevnte normanneren Robert av Jumieges til erkebiskop av Canterbury.

Edvard fikk henne plassert i et nonnekloster. Edith av Wessex, ca - Born : Abt. Discussion on soc. Gudine Godwin var en anglosaksisk stormann. Han nevnes alt i som jarl av Wessex under Knud den Store av Danmark. Politiken's Danmarks Historie, Bind 2 , side , , Snorre Sturlasson: Olav den helliges saga, avsnitt Bent og Vidar Billing Hansen: Rosensverdslektens forfedre, side 84, Earl av Wessex. Godwine var far till kung Harald Godwinsson.

Brooke, ed. Two, As I posted earlier, the descent of land provides strong evidence for the descent of Harold II's father, Earl Godwine, from Aethelred I not II , but it is also possible that the land was expropriated and presented to Godwine and his possession of it does not indicate genealogical descent. Harold II of England c. Harold Harefoot, Canute's illegitimate son with Aelgifu of Northampton, seized the throne of England. Harthacanute, Canute's legitimate son with Emma of Normandy, reigned in Denmark.

In , the throne of England was reportedly claimed by Alfred Aetheling, younger son of Emma of Normandy and Ethelred the Unready, and half-brother of Harthacanute. In , Harold Harefoot died and Godwin supported the accession of his half-brother Harthacanute to the throne of England. When Harthacanute himself died in Godwin finally supported the claim of his half-brother Edward the Confessor to the throne.

After a violent clash between the people of Dover and the visiting Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, Edward's new brother-in-law, Godwin was ordered to punish the people of Dover as he and Leofric, Earl of Mercia had done in Worcester, in Leofric's own earldom. Edward rightly saw this as a test of power, and managed to enlist the support of Siward, Earl of Northumbria and Earl Leofric. On April 15, Godwin died suddenly, after collapsing during a royal banquet at Winchester. Some colourful accounts claim that he choked on a piece of bread while denying any disloyalty to the king.

At this point, both Harold's remaining brothers in England were earls in their own right, Harold was himself king and in control of Wessex, and he had married the sister of Earl Edwin of Mercia and Morcar, Earl of Northumbria who had succeeded his brother Tostig. Godwin's family looked set to inaugurate a new royal dynasty. For a while he was looked after by the monks, who were fond of him, but soon after he died, probably on February 5, The Bishop lost his see for a while, Earl Godwine appeased the king by presenting him with the gift of a warship carrying eighty fighting men and swore that whatever he had done was in obedience to King Harald, he was acquitted and managed to retain his extensive estates.

Edward had spent most of the previous thirty years in Normandy. His reign restored the native royal house of Wessex to the throne of England.

Despite his alleged responsibility for the death of Alfred Atheling, Godwin secured the marriage of his daughter Edith of Wessex to Edward in As Edward drew advisors, nobles and priests from his mother's country of Normandy, where he had grown up, Godwin became the leader of opposition to the growing Norman influence in England.

Following a violent skirmish between the people of Dover and Eustace II, Count of Boulogne, Edward's brother-in-law, while staying at Dover, Eustace and his retainers greatly offended the citizens of the town by taking free lodgings.

A scuffle developed, in which an Englishman was wounded, he, acting in self defence, killed one of the Normans. His house was promptly surrounded by Eustace and his men and the Saxon was murdered along with several other inhabitants of the town.

The men of Dover then drove the Norman intruders out of the town. Godwin was ordered to punish the people of Dover, which he refused to do, choosing to champion his fellow Saxons against a visiting foreign ruler and the king.

Edward acquired the support of Siward, Earl of Northumbria and Earl Leofric and Godwin and his sons were exiled from the kingdom in September