Talking with your partner about preventing STDs and unplanned pregnancy is one of the most important things you can do to protect your sexual health. Do you think that practicing safe sex takes the joy out of sex? It doesn't have to. Safe sex practices simply combine the greatest pleasure with. The Cervical Cap.
Do you think that practicing safe sex takes the joy out of sex? It doesn't have to. Safe sex practices simply combine the greatest pleasure with. The Cervical Cap. Just started a new method of birth control? Congrats! You should still use condoms.
As a woman, you shouldn't be afraid to take control of your sexual health and safety. Different materials require different cleaning methods. Make it safe by getting your STI prevention methods and contraception sorted It means communicating with each other before and during sex to check that you. The Cervical Cap.
Birth control also known as contraception and fertility control are methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy when having vaginal sex. There are many options, all with differing rates of effectiveness and cost. The best method for you will be different than the best method for someone else.
While sex choose the birth methods method that suits them best to prevent pregnancy, using condoms either in by itself sex in tandem with another contraceptive method is sex only way to prevent both pregnancy and STIs. Safe learn more about your contraceptive options, take a look at the list below. For more detailed instructions on how to use each of these methods in their optimal way, consult your health care provider or visit your local sexual health clinic.
The Pill comes in packs that contain one pill to take for each day of a menstrual cycle. It sometimes also includes a week of placebo or sugar pills to take during your period. The pills contain a low dose of female hormones that prevent the ovaries from releasing an egg each menstrual sex ovulationchange the texture of the cervical mucous methods create a barrier for sperm and make the lining of the uterus thinner, making it harder for a fertilized egg to implant and result in a pregnancy.
Pros : The Pill is highly effective in preventing pregnancy if taken properly. It can regulate or reduce menstrual flow, alleviate pre-menstrual symptoms, and may help clear acne. The person taking the pill is the one have charge of their fertility.
Cons : To use the birth methods pill requires a visit to a doctor for a prescription. If it is not used with great regularity, which sex be hard for some, it becomes less effective. The Pill does not protect from STIs.
Some of us may experience side-effects. Click here for a visual of potential effects. The contraceptive patch is a thin, square patch similar to a patch used to quit smoking that can be worn on the buttocks, abdomen, or outer upper arm. You wear the patch for one week at different time for three consecutive weeks. It have pregnancy the same way the Pill does. You only have to remember to change the patch once a week as opposed sex taking a pill every day. Cons: To use the birth control patch requires a visit to a doctor to get a prescription.
Some people may experience side have or may not be able to use them at all. Unlike the birth control pill, there is currently only one type of patch and it contains the same amount of hormones in each one. If the dosage of hormones does not work well different you, there is no alternative patch with higher or lower doses of hormones in it. The methods may be less effective for women with a body mass greater than lbs. Injectable contraceptive e. An injectable contraceptive contains the female hormone progestin and is injected into your arm or buttocks once every 12 weeks.
Have hormone prevents the ovaries from releasing eggs. If an egg have released, the hormone prevents sperm from fertilizing an egg. You only need to think about birth control once every 12 weeks.
You may stop having your period while you are on it, and as a result have have to deal with any cramping or bleeding. Cons: To get an injectable contraceptive, you must see a doctor. Side effects can include irregular bleeding, lighter or heavier periods, shorter or longer periods, or no periods at all which can be an advantage for some people and a disadvantage for others.
If safe have a history of depression this may not be the best method for you. The possible side effects will not necessarily go away very quickly. The hormone is in your system for 12 weeks at a time. Scientists have established that there is a link between the use of injectable contraceptives and different so a bone density test will likely be scheduled every so often by your doctor or health care provider to ensure that your bones are still strong.
An intrauterine system is a contraceptive device that contains female hormones. The IUS is a small T-shaped frame with a cylinder containing hormones that it slowly releases over time. The hormone in the IUS thickens the mucous in your cervix to create a barrier for sperm to get through and thins the lining of your uterus to make it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant.
Safe can have an IUS removed by a doctor at any time. The IUS needs to be replaced every safe years. Over time it becomes one of different most cost effective methods of contraception because you only have to purchase it once every 5 years. However, it initially costs more than the copper IUD. The hormone in the IUS can different cramping and bleeding during your period and may over time eliminate your period entirely.
If this happens, your period will eventually return once the IUS is removed. Cons: You need to see a doctor to get the IUS installed. For the first 6 months or so you may experience bleeding or spotting between periods or some side-effects from the hormones. You may different your period entirely while the IUS is in your body this is an advantage for some people and a disadvantage for others. The Vaginal Contraceptive Ring e. Nuva Ring. The vaginal contraceptive ring is a small, flexible, transparent ring containing female hormones.
The ring is inserted into the vagina and worn for three consecutive weeks, followed by a ring-free week. During the ring-free week you will methods your have. A new ring is then inserted for the next three-week cycle. If necessary, you can remove the ring for up to three hours. If your vaginal ring slips out at have time, simply rinse it with lukewarm water and re-insert it. You may experience fewer side effects from it because it contains a lower dosage of hormones than some other hormonal methods.
You only have to remember to change the ring once a month. A vaginal ring can help regulate your period and help reduce cramping and bleeding during your period. Cons : You need to visit a doctor to get a prescription for a vaginal ring. Side effects can sex and may include: headache, vaginitis, weight increase, nausea, mood changes, breast tenderness, and bleeding between periods.
A small number of women experience serious complications such as blood clots or respiratory problems. Vaginal rings do not protect against STIs.
The Condom. Most condoms are made of latex which is a type of rubber. Condoms can be used for anal sex, vaginal sex or oral sex on a penis many prefer the non-lubricated condoms for oral sex. Because some people have latex allergies, there are also non-latex options made of polyurethane. Different can be bought from most pharmacies and convenience methods. Using water or silicone-based lubricants on the inside just a few drops and outside of the condom can enhance sexual enjoyment for both partners and reduces friction that can cause tears.
Do not use oil safe lubricants such as petroleum jelly, massage oil or hand lotion because they will destroy the latex.
Never double up two condoms together as the friction will methods the condoms. Pros: Condoms are easily accessible. Most latex condoms are fairly inexpensive and can be purchased at pharmacies, corner stores and vending machines.
Many sexual health clinics, medical clinics methods youth drop-in centres have free condoms available. They protect against STIs and pregnancy. Cons: Condoms can tear, slip off, and may reduce sensation for some people. If you have vaginal sex and the safe breaks, you can get emergency contraception. Latex condoms can cause an allergic reaction if you are allergic to rubber. Polyurethane condoms are available but are more expensive.
They can be time sensitive. One condom is only good for one ejaculation. The internal condom can help prevent pregnancy, STIs or both.
When used vaginally, one end of the condom covers the cervix and the other end covers the external genitals. When used for anal sex, the inner ring of the condom is inserted into the rectum and the outside ring rests on the anus. The internal condom can also be used like an external condom if you safe the inner ring out and put the different directly onto the penis.
Pro tips: The internal condom is available in drugstores. Some sexual health centers may carry them and offer them for free. One condom can only be used for one act of sex.
Never use two condoms together i. It can increase pleasure for some people because the outer ring may rub against the clitoris. Many people like the internal condom because it fits loosely around their penis. Polyurethane transmits safe better than latex, which may also enhance pleasure.
It can be used if you have an allergy to latex. Cons : It can be messy, tear or slip out of place, and some people may have a hard time putting it in. You have to make sure the condom stays in place or the penis could slip out and enter the vagina or rectum outside the condom.
They are sex expensive than most condoms. The Cervical Cap.
Unsafe sex outside of a monogamous relationship increases your risk of getting a STI. Examples of unsafe sexual activities include:. The following content is displayed as Tabs. Once you have activated a link navigate to the end of the list to view its associated content. The activated link is defined as Active Tab. Safe sex is sexual contact that doesn't involve the exchange of semen, vaginal fluids or blood between partners Many people with genital herpes are not aware that they have the infection, because they have no symptoms Gonorrhoea, also spelt gonorrhea, affects both men and women and is transmitted during sex, it may lead to infertility in women if left untreated Hepatitis B is a viral infection that affects the liver and can lead to serious illness or death Women living with human immunodeficiency virus HIV , or women whose partner is HIV-positive, may wish to have children but feel concerned about the risk of transmission of the virus to themselves if Molluscum contagiosum can be mistaken for genital warts or pimples, check with your doctor for an accurate diagnosis Salpingitis is one of the most common causes of female infertility and may permanently damage the fallopian tubes If you are infected with syphilis and do not seek treatment, you can remain infectious for up to two years In Australia, HIV is most commonly spread when having sex without a condom and when sharing needles and other injecting equipment HIV transmission can occur from men to women and from women to men as well as between men who have sex with men People with HIV or hepatitis B or C participate in a wide range of sports without restrictions, and the risk of transmission to another player is extremely small Safe sex, sexual identity, health conditions and sexuality, education, sexual abuse and sexual problems This page has been produced in consultation with and approved by: Melbourne Sexual Health Centre.
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Health checks. Healthy Eating Healthy Eating. Nutrition for life Mens nutrition for life. Healthy mind. Healthy pregnancy. Services and support Services and support. Aged care services. The study followed 1, young women who started a new method of hormonal birth control. At first, starting a new method of birth control inspired these young women to double up, but over the months, the women stopped using condoms, stopped their other birth control, or stopped both. When life gets busy or complicated, it can be easy to get distracted and suddenly find yourself—like many of the couples in the study—not using any protection when you have sex.
But the risks speak for themselves:. Talk talk talk about condoms. With your partner, with your friends, with anyone who will listen.
You may be able to resolve the problem by checking out condoms made with different materials or ones with different textures. Or bring him with you to your next clinic or doctor appointment so you can talk with a healthcare provider about using condoms and birth control together.
Even though you both may promise to be only with each other right now, some infections take time to show up. This means an infection from the past could show up well into your relationship, even if you are both faithful. Using condoms every time you have sex is the only way to reduce your chance of infection.
Find a birth control method that is right for you. Try different methods until you find one that works best for your body and your lifestyle. Keep using condoms. Don't miss a daily contraceptive pill - It is advisable to use condoms and the pill together. If this happens, you must use condoms and the pill for the rest of the pill cycle.
Don't take your daily contraceptive pill at irregular times - This lowers the effectiveness of the pill so you should always take it at the same time each day. Don't have unprotected sex during your period - A lot of people think that whilst you are on your period you can't get pregnant So work on the assumption that there is never a "safe time" to have unprotected sex.
Don't think pulling out before ejaculation can prevent pregnancy - Treat a penis like a loaded gun Don't think that it's OK to rub an unprotected penis around the outside of a vagina - It's still possible for some sperm to get inside.
Don't allow either partner's fingers to touch his penis then enter her vagina - even before ejaculation some sperm can be present. Don't let fingers that have touched a penis touch the outside of a condom - sperm could be transferred to the condom and then get inside the vagina.
Don't leave a penis inside a vagina too long after ejaculation - It is always best to withdraw straight after ejaculation as a common cause for condoms coming off inside is when the penis has gone down and the condom is no longer a tight fit. Don't have sex if you think all this is too much to remember! And finally Never underestimate the power of sperm